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New European & International Flame and Explosion Proof Forklift Standards 2016-17

Filed under: Industry Trends

Flameproof and explosion proof Forklifts are capable of operating in hazardous environments such as chemical or fertilizer factories. These units are modified to limit the opportunities for ignition to occur, which may lead to fire or explosions depending on the contents of the operating area.

forklift hazardous operation

In 2016 new standards have been introduced regarding forklifts operating in the hazardous areas. This blog post will provide insight on the new standards and what they’ll entail for forklift manufacturers as well as both owners and operators alike.

ATEX directive 2014/34/EU – Mandatory from April 2016

As of April 2016 a new ATEX directive 2014/34/EU has been issued to replace the old ATEX directive 94/9/EC, this new directive affects manufacturers, suppliers and importers when bringing a new product to market. Health, safety and explosion protection levels remain the same, however all new units being brought to market must be labelled with the latest ATEX directive and the component certificates are now called an EU type examination certification.

ISO 3691-1:2011 – Mandatory from November 2017

Under this international standard, forklift modification (including flame/explosion proofing) is not permitted without prior written approval from the original truck manufacturer to ensure all potential implications which may affect the overall truck safety have been considered. Even if a modified truck meets the above ATEX directive it may not comply with ISO 3691-1:2011 unless written approval has been provided by the OEM.


Standard EN1755:2015 affects OEM and conversion companies to ensure safety and compliance of units when operating in hazardous environments.

The largest change to this standard affects forklifts operating in zone 2 hazardous areas; static electricity is now considered a potential source of ignition whilst undertaking normal operations. Parts including seats, arm rests, roll up cabin enclosures and any other external plastic parts must be anti-static.

Furthermore any tyres where units travel at speeds in excess of 6km/h need to be anti-static and there must be conductivity to earth either by way of two clearly marked straps attached to the chassis or conductive tyres.

There are also updates to gas detection performance levels, achieving new heights as well as extensive truck labelling and handbook requirements.

explosionproof forklift

For owners and operators of forklifts that operate in hazardous locations or for prospective buyers we encourage you to contact Adaptalift to ensure your current or prospective units are compliant with the new standards set out above, in particular those that are currently or those that later this year will become mandatory.

Compliance with these new and revised standards will ensure your operators are protected to the highest levels ensuring the safest work environment possible. 

Adaptalift Hyster is able to provide a number of Flameproof and explosion proof Forklifts solutions and a variety of specialist-type units unique to the materials handling industry.

To further facilitate your forklift and materials handling needs, Adaptalift Hyster also provides the latest up to date fleet management technology ensuring owners and operators are protected to the best available levels.

Reference List
1. Logistics Inside, 2016, ‘The new rules for explosion protected forklifts in 2016’, Logistics Inside, retrieved 12th April 2017, Logistics Inside
2. Pyroban, 2016,’Preparing for the EN1755 Update: Are you Ready?’, Pyroban, retrieved 12th April 2017, Pyroban

Published By: Paul Hinz

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