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Forklift Battery Definitions

Filed under: Forklift Basics

When it comes to batteries there are many terms that may be foreign to the average forklift operator. In this week’s blog we will explore some of the most common battery terms in order to assist with understanding battery terminology and aid in making proper waste determinations.

forklift batter

Anode:

The terminal of a battery or cell that releases electrons during the production of any external current; the negative terminal of a primary cell or battery.

Battery:

Technically, a combination of two or more cells electrically connected to transform chemical energy into electrical energy. In everyday usage, a single cell such as the one found in a flashlight is also referred to as a battery.

Cathode:

The terminal of a battery or cell that accepts electrons during the production of an electric current; the positive terminal of a primary cell or battery.

Cell:

A device, which generates electricity, consisting of two different substances placed in an electrolyte.

Dry Cell:

A cell, in which the electrolyte exists in a paste and is absorbed in a porous medium, or is otherwise restrained from flowing.

Electrolyte:

The conducting medium for the flow of current in a cell.

Non-Rechargeable:

A characteristic of a primary battery that can convert chemical energy into electrical energy irreversibly.

Primary Battery:

One that can convert chemical energy into electrical energy irreversibly.

Rechargeable:

A characteristic of a storage battery that can convert chemical energy into electrical energy and vice versa.

Secondary Battery:

One that can convert chemical energy into electrical energy and vice versa.

Serviceable Battery:

One that can be used for its originally intended purpose.

Storage Battery:

Same as secondary battery.

Unserviceable Battery:

One that is in such a condition or state that it cannot be used for its originally intended purpose.

Wet Cell:

A cell whose electrolyte is in liquid form and free to flow.

Are there any more battery terms you can add to our list?

 

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